Sunday, August 23, 2020

Evaluate the transition from oil based world economy to an economy Essay

Assess the progress from oil based world economy to an economy driven by elective vitality sources - Essay Example Further, there have been unfavorable impacts on the earth from utilizing oil. Over the most recent fifty years, industrialization over the world has prompted increments in carbon discharge, consumption of the ozone layer, liquefying of ice tops and a general abatement in the personal satisfaction. Other than this, oil is a non-inexhaustible asset. This implies its amounts on earth are restricted and will eventually be exhausted. This utilizes oil as a wellspring of vitality impractical and temperamental. Messenger (12) utilizes the expression ‘Peak Oil’ to portray when the world will arrive at its pinnacle oil creation. This will therefore prompt decrease in oil creation and the ascent in oil costs, causing a critical, yet eccentric effect. Right now, a portion of these results are as of now being knowledgeable about the world. The measure of oil being created outperforms the measure of new oil supplies being found. This shows the pinnacle oil stage is quick drawing near er. In light of these realities, there is a more noteworthy need to move the world economy to one that is subject to sustainable power sources that can be renewed and which don't hurt nature. Coming up next is an assessment of the noteworthiness of this progress and its connect to the financial and political procedures of the world and the impacts of this new pursuit on the world atmosphere. To turn away the impacts of oil deficiency on the world economy, there have been community oriented endeavors to concentrate on elective vitality sources. These are different wellsprings of vitality other than non-renewable energy sources. As per Michaelides (20), what comprises to an elective vitality source is as yet being discussed. In any case, the thought behind the term alludes to any vitality source that is ecologically inviting and not really sustainable. A portion of these sources incorporate breeze, sun powered, ethanol, hydroelectric force, geothermal force and atomic vitality. These sources have huge potential and they can satisfy the world vitality needs many occasions over. Their take-up regardless of being on the expansion throughout the years has not yet outperformed that of customary vitality sources. Joined, these sources contribute up to just 20 percent of the world vitality request presently. Wind has been outstanding amongst other elective sources which have become a serious vitality source on the planet. It is favored on the grounds that is perfect vitality source and delivers no contamination in creating power. Its resurrection was especially centered around after the 1970 oil emergency. This saw a great deal of research being led to outfit wind and to improve wind turbines. Significantly more should be done to advance the utilization of wind vitality, for example, the decrease of the expense of hardware, better strategies to address the serious land use and accessibility of conveyance and transmission channels. Vitality age from wind is confronting a test since it depends on high wind speeds, a factor which isn't handily accomplished in thickly populated areas. To handle this obstacle, nations, for example, the Netherlands are selecting to set up wind stations in regions which are a long way from the populace in spite of the fact that this requires for increment in dispersion costs. A portion of the nations that have fronted wind vitality and supported its utilization incorporate Spain, USA, Denmark and Germany. Wind vitality is quickly developing as a swap for oil and these legislatures are offering motivations to empower this

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Race Relations In The U.S. Essays - Slavery In The United States

Race Relations In The U.S. Papers - Slavery In The United States Race Relations in the U.S. I've found the genuine underlying foundations of America these previous barely any days what's more, concluded that expounding on it was superior to murdering a blameless casualty to mitigate the antagonistic vibe I feel towards my legacy. I got a pen since it was more secure than a firearm. This was a significant exercise I've gained from my progenitors, who did both. Others in my nation respond on sense and decide not to think the issue as I have. On the off chance that they are dark, they are detained or dead. As The People versus Simpson storms through its ninth month, the United States anticipates the milestone choice that will decide equity. O.J. Simpson would not have had a possibility in 1857. Racial isolation, separation, and debasement are no mishaps in this current country's history. The noisy inborn beat of beating rap musicality is no incident. They stem intelligently from the inheritance the Founding Fathers presented to contemporary America with respect to the treatment of African-Americans, especially the dark slave lady. This catastrophe has left the nation with a feeble good establishment. The Founding Fathers, in their origination of a progressively great association, drafted thoughts that imparted the abuse they felt as captives of Mother England. Unexpectedly, no place in any of their records did they address the issue of racial subjection. The Announcement of Independence from England was received as the nation's most key protected report. It was the conclusive articulation for the American arrangement of government, of the important conditions for the activity of political force, and of the sway of the individuals who build up the legislature. John Hancock, leader of the Continental Congress and slave dealer, depicted it as the Ground and Foundation of a future government. James Madison, Father of the Constitution and slave proprietor, called it the key Act of Union of these States. All men are made equivalent, and enriched by the Maker with the unalienable Rights of Life, Liberty and the quest for Happiness. They either implied that all men were made equivalent, that each man was qualified forever, freedom and the quest for satisfaction, or they didn't mean it by any stretch of the imagination. The Declaration of Independence was a white man's report that its creator once in a while applied to his own or some other slave. Thomas Jefferson presumed blacks were sub-par. These doubts, together with his prescience that free blacks couldn't amicably exist together with white men for quite a long time to come, are accepted to be the essential purposes behind his conflicting activities toward the issue of servitude. At the finish of the eighteenth century, Jefferson battled the scandalous Alien and Sedition Acts, which constrained common freedoms. As president, he restricted the Federalist court, tricks to separate the association, and the monetary plans of Alexander Hamilton. For a mind-blowing duration, Thomas Jefferson, scoundrel, slave holder, contemplated the contention between American opportunity and American bondage. He purchased and sold slaves; he publicized for criminals; he requested disciplinary lashes with a pony whip. Jefferson comprehended that he and his individual slave holders profited monetarily and socially from the perspiration of their dark workers. One could state he viewed subjugation as an essential shrewdness. In 1787, he composed the Northwest Ordinance which prohibited servitude in region procured from Great Britain following the American Insurgency. Be that as it may, later as a resigned government official and ex-president, Jefferson would not free his own slaves, advised youthful white Virginia slave holders against willful liberation of theirs, and indeed, even preferred the extension of bondage into the western regions. To Jefferson, Americans must be allowed to adore as they wanted. They additionally had the right to be liberated from an exceeding government. To Jefferson, Americans ought to likewise be allowed to have slaves. In neither of the Continental Congresses nor in the Assertion of Independence did the Founding Fathers take an unequivocal ezd against dark servitude. Clearly, human servitude and human pride were not as critical to them as their own political what's more, financial autonomy. It was anything but a commendable method to begin another country. The Constitution made white benefit while solidifying dark servitude. It didn't make a difference that in excess of 5,000 blacks had joined in the battle for autonomy just to find genuine opportunity didn't concern them. Having accomplished their own freedom, the loyalists displayed no

Friday, August 21, 2020

Legal Aspects of Air Transportation

Legitimate Aspects of Air Transportation Kevinn A. Narvaez Y00285940 AWSC 3200 Air Transportation Prof. Ocasio Table of Contents IntroductionPage 3 Main EssayPage 4 ConclusionPage 6 ReferencesPage 7 Introduction: Air Transportation is one of the quickest developing divisions of the late twentieth and mid 21st hundreds of years, accordingly, it is dependent upon an expanding lawful prerequisites. Numerous lawful prerequisites has to do with the monetary side of the air transportation business, explicitly budgetary and documentation matters. These legitimate necessities are normally chosen through yearly ICAO and IATA gatherings, yet in addition by means of unique meetings, for example, the Chicago Conference and the Havana Conference, where significant changes in universal air transportation were made. In this venture we will take a gander at a portion of the diverse lawful estimates taken to guarantee reasonable rivalry and normalize strategic approaches in the worldwide air transportation industry. We will likewise take a gander at a portion of the global understandings in regards to air transportation, and the impacts that they have had on the business. Fundamental Essay: International air transportation is a case of a politically-needy business. Universal understandings and contradictions influence were, the means by which, when, and how often air bearers fly to worldwide goals. An away from of this is the ban against Cuba, departures from the United States to Cuba are amazingly intensely controlled. In numerous dif ferent occurrences, legislative issues have assumed a significant job in deciding universal air transportation arrangement, and in that capacity, worldwide air transportation, is in a steady condition of motion. A disastrous case of a flight that was trapped in the terrible side of global questions was Korean Airlines Flight 007, which was shot down over the previous Soviet Union during September of 1983, a period during which connections among East and West were at a stressing point. In like manner, numerous laws influence the residents of a specific country, for example, the Fly America Act, which commits United States government representatives and their families to fly fundamentally on air bearers from the United States. This capacities as an exchange help for American air transporters, for all intents and purposes ensuring enormous incomes on global trips just as household flights. 4 The Fly America Act was not the primary lawful activity set on worldwide air transportation, we can go as far back the Chicago and Havana Conventions, and discover proof of legitimate activities forced on air transportation. These legitimate activities are various, and incorporate the â€Å"Nine Freedoms of the Air,† and the Montreal Convention, which builds up lawful limits and necessities for claims including air transporters and travelers. Obviously, the lawful impacts of air transportation affect the financial matters of the business, when countries do battle, and pronounce bars, carriers need to build ticket costs to cover operational dangers and different components not got ready for. With expanded cost comes less prize, and in the long run, the aircraft may need to close down the course because of unnecessary expenses. 5 Conclusion: The legitimate parts of air transportation are various, and their belongings are extensive, however ground-breaking in their degree. In that capacity, numerous aircrafts are dependent upon their standard, and have needed to alter their tasks to make up for these legitimate ties. As we have seen, the legitimate influences don't simply include laws and exchange understandings, yet in addition universal governmental issues and debates. As a general rule, air bearers want to not work in zones that have been engaged with global clashes, for the travelers and the aircrew. The eventual fate of air transportation law is profoundly unusual, with countries settling on and breaking understandings consistently. In any case, this doesn't reject the carrier business from adjusting to the changing lawful atmosphere as it has done previously. Ideally, later on more understandings like the â€Å"Open Skies† act and the â€Å"Nine Freedoms of the Air† will make the carrier business thrive. 6 References: Air Transportation; Xunta de Galicia. Recovered on 27/Nov/2009http://www. bygalicia. eu/en/keys_to_internationalisation/logistics_and_distribution/transport/air_transport/International Civil Aviation, different, Retrieved on 27/Nov/2009 http://www. centennialofflight. gov/paper/Government_Role/Intl_Civil/POL19. htm Air Transport Law and Policy in the 1990's: Controlling the Boom, Aberson, Emile; Mendes de Leon, Pablo. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1991 http://books. google. com. pr/books? id=yEvwGJnaZ-YC&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=legal+aspects+air+transport&source=bl&ots=QDO9UM67k4&sig=GjFZpfrImlsDED3UvuGuDUKHVZE&hl=en&ei=0nAWS4ecEs2ztgfMraj7BA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CBIQ6AEwAjgy#v=onepage&q=legal%20aspects%20air%20transport&f=false Korean Air Lines Flight 007, different, recovered on 27/Nov/2009 http://en. wikipedia. organization/wiki/Korean_Air_Lines_Flight_007 Montreal Conference, ICAO. Recovered on 28/Nov/2009 28/Nov. 2009http://www. jus. uio. no/lm/air. carriage. unification. show. montreal. 1999/7

The answers on questions on accountability Essay

The appropriate responses on inquiries on responsibility - Essay Example The sentiment of responsibility among the administration work force has been basic in Britain going from earlier decades ever. Numerous individuals have gone to more noteworthy degrees and in circumstances where choices are hard to make to the degree of abdication from their different duties. People feel that the circumstances may be terrible yet they need to do what can anyone do. In typical circumstances, the ordinary comprehension of ecclesiastical responsibility, where priests are liable to Parliament and departmental chairmen develop before parliamentary boards of trustees in the interest of their clergyman, functions admirably (Smith 2006). Â This shows that the responsibility include among the authorities in a given office or part is transferrable and ought to be dealt with all through the framework as a needy factor on all qualities. To affirm on this case, there is a legitimate method of reasoning in representing that responsibility ought to be assessed as to start from all the government officials just as the departmental heads related with the detectable practices. As indicated by Smith, responsibility is a factor that ought to include no separation in its assessment and this structures one piece of contention of this paper is dependent upon contention basing on basic thinking from the rationales showed. Genuine responsibility is seen as being exact in distinguishing the wellspring of misstep saw in the administration and departmental organization. In a given division, there are people with various capacities and subsequently execution yield in different segments. An individual, research or assessment process can't accept that the shortcoming from one zone in the division is constantly a flaw from each official (Smith 2006). Additionally regardless of whether a deficiency in a solitary segment of the organization ascribes to inconvenient consequences for different parts, the examination by the commission ought to distinguish a definitive wellspring of the flaw and manage it freely. The greatness of obligation can subsequently shift on the genuine wellspring of the issue. For example, in a circumstance where a mix-up from one individual or office prompts mistakes in a few different divisions or the entire service, the risk can't be contrasted and the situation where a deficiency prompts a blunder in a solitary and littler area of the office (Osbaldeston 2005). On the off chance that the circumstance leaves hand, in any case, and when open difference results, some begin to inquiry this discerning of pastoral obligation. The non directional inquiries related from unique sources infers on the pervasive idea on the origination of responsibility in the administration. Ongoing contentions, for example, the requirement for the audit of the contemplations of responsibility emerged with the help activity and the Human Resources and Development Canada awards and gifts program, have brought about dissatisfaction over figuring out who was mindful and along these lines at long last responsible. Â This has come about into certain people to address whether there is should be higher responsibility of senior local officials, most outstandingly representative clergymen, before parliamentary councils. Â Opinions on this issue are ordered, and the administration has continually secured the conventional impression of responsibility (McGrath 1985). The inquiry relating to the truth or unimportant motivations of record

Sunday, July 5, 2020

A Non-Traditional Applicant Accepted to the Columbia EMBA Program

document.createElement('audio'); Play in new window | Download | EmbedSubscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Google Podcasts | Stitcher | TuneIn | Spotify Interview with Beta Ealy, creative director and Columbia EMBA student [Show Summary] Think that if you aren’t a consultant, IT professional, or finance manager that you don’t have a shot in an EMBA program? Think again. Our guest this week is a creative director with little background in quant who conquered the GMAT and is now thriving in the Columbia EMBA program. Listen in as she shares her views on the program, and how to excel in the application process and in the program itself. From Disney to Columbia Business School [Show Notes] Today’s guest is Beta Ealy. Beta earned her Bachelors in Fine Arts from Cal State Long Beach in 2004 and worked as an art director prior to becoming manager of Creative and Product Development at Disney where she worked from 2004 – 2011. She then worked in similar areas for Mattel, and Discovery Communications where she was a Sr. Manager and Director respectively. Since April 2018, she has served as the Brand Creative Director for the City of Manhattan Beach and in January became a Columbia EMBA student. Can you tell us about your background? Where did you grew up? What do you like to do for fun? [2:12] I grew up near Moscow in Russia. Pretty much everyone in my family is a scientist. My dad got a job at UCLA in the 90s and we moved to Santa Monica. That was how I became a designer rather than a scientist if we had stayed I definitely would have moved in that direction. Here I saw the opportunity to do something different. I went to Santa Monica High School, which has a great design program, and I worked on real projects with real companies, and that is how I ended up where I am today. In terms of fun, I love to travel, and often spontaneously go on road trips with my husband and dogs, but also love to travel internationally. You started out in college studying art and design, when and how did the business bug bite you? [3:47] After being a creative for a while I saw the industry shifting and the way design/creative was being utilized was very different. I felt a tectonic shift which was very exciting because suddenly product differentiation and design was considered important. Creative leaders all of the sudden had a seat at the table. However, I realized when invited to board meetings I didn’t have the vocabulary to speak to some of these people, and I couldn’t deliver the strategic functions expected of me. When you were researching programs and applying, what appealed to you about the CBS EMBA program? [5:16] I was so excited to find it because of what I was saying a bit earlier. I am coming from a unique background with the idea of creating a bridge between being a creative person and business leader. They teach an entrepreneurial mindset at Columbia which is leadership-based and focused on identifying opportunities and growing industries. Because I was wanting to do something unique and unorthodox that is why it was a good fit. Being located in NYC, with my interest in media, entertainment, and retail, was an added bonus, adding that to my existing LA network. How did you do the research necessary considering you were on the west coast? [6:49] It’s a well-known program, obviously, so that part was easy. Because I have worked with such big companies with a presence in both LA and New York, I already knew a bit about New York in general.   Columbia is such a huge player in that world it was easy to get word of mouth, websites to look at, and understanding of a good fit. I didn’t visit until my interview, but met with admissions reps when they came to the west coast. What challenges did you face during the application process? [8:06] If I had to give one piece of advice it is to figure out who your recommenders are going to be early on, as they are very important, not just for the admissions committee but also for yourself. It is important to see who you are through mentors and peers. Make sure you have someone who knows you really well. That was an unexpected challenge. Applicants considering EMBAs are older and further along in their careers, so people that could really speak to my career path and who I really thought of as mentors were typically very busy executives, and then I switched from the private to public sector in the midst of applying so had a new boss. Making sure they have the time and energy to do the very involved letter can be tough. The GMAT and essays were expected challenges. With a creative arts background I didn’t have a lot of quant, but I am so glad I thoroughly did the prep because the quant classes are so much easier now that I did the prep work. I did a little bit of everything to prepare. I really needed the help talking through taking a big test like that, having the stamina, and not letting the nerves get to you. I used several different people, but Jen Weld, my Accepted consultant, really helped me with the nerves part. She told me what score to shoot for, of course, but the thing I was least prepared for was the test anxiety. Because she got to know me so well she was able to address some of the things that could trip me up. For the essays, they are asking you the kind of questions that are not easy to answer, at least not with a cop out answer they need to be careful and well thought out. I couldn’t have done them without Jen’s guidance. The answers have to be very short, but they are very loaded questions, so she really helped me say something impactful succinctly. What do you like best about the CBS EMBA program now that you are in it? [16:22] Pretty typical things – I love our cohort. Everyone I spoke with at Columbia before I joined said they spend a lot of time and energy putting together the cohort. And every single one of us has said they did a tremendous job – it’s diverse, and well-matched in terms of level of experience and skill sets. We are coordinated to work and travel well together. I also really do like the curriculum. We have incredible instructors, and I am learning a ton, enjoying subjects I didn’t expect to, like corporate finance. Instructors know what we are trying to get out of it, and maybe explain how a great design could lead to higher revenues. Even though we have to learn the same exact material as in the regular MBA program, the way EMBA professors teach it is very relatable and easy to learn, even with relatively dry material. What can be improved? [18:32] They have maybe the largest EMBA program, I think, which is really great, but what could be improved I think is to have even more classes or events targeting the EMBA portion of it. We still every once in a while feel the regular MBAs take more priority. It’s 15 years since you graduated from college. Is it hard to go back to studying, taking tests, etc? How are you handling the transition? [19:38] It’s hard – I can’t sugarcoat it, but it is really fun. It is the kind of challenge where, you take the test and you wake up the next morning and realize you took a test and wrote numbers down and it is an incredible feeling. You feel like a kid. We have people in their 50s and 60s as well as in their 20s and we are all going through it together. It’s truly a fantastic life-changing experience. How are you managing the demands of working full-time and going to school on the other side of the continent? [20:53] What is important is to start thinking about that combination very early on in the application process. People interested in an EMBA have to really think that through. It does require a big level of prioritization. You have to know what to prioritize when and what to ask for help. One of the essays is dedicated to that plan and how to execute that part of it. Even so, the first week of school we were all sitting there at lunch going, â€Å"Woah, this is going to be a huge challenge.† Then you go home and reprioritize again. You have to keep shifting. They do a great job of putting you in clusters and learning teams, and you have a lot of support from peers and the administrative team, and obviously from family going through it with you. I am very lucky in terms of my job – it is pretty flexible and everyone is very supportive. For those with a family it is more challenging, with the emotional component leaving sole responsibility for the entire household with your spou se. I was more worried about that, but my husband and I figured out we were doing this together. It was a project, and he has come out with me to New York, and has become friends with my cohort.   We are going to be traveling together during my seminars, and lots of spouses get involved. We’ve had people bring kids and parents to class. We all go out to dinner together, and it’s wonderful if you can incorporate the school process into normal life as much as possible. What are your plans for the future? How do you intend to use your MBA? [26:02] When I was applying I had a few specific goals in mind. I wanted to change the way design and creative leaders are viewed and used in an organization. My ultimate goal has been to, with this business knowhow, use my creative team’s potential to drive revenue. Rather than be a service function, be an active strategic participant in the company. Your goals change all the time in the program, and I have no idea if in the end what I just said is what I am going to do, but for now that is the plan. Any tips for CBS EMBA applicants? [27:26] Other than recommenders, coming up for a plan for your personal life and work life as you consider applying is an important part. It is very stressful. I met people whose boss wouldn’t support their decision to go, which is an unexpected hurdle. My biggest advice is to figure out the â€Å"not school† part before putting in the effort and energy into applying. My switch to the public sector was somewhat purposeful so I could bring as much as I could back from school to where I work, as the public sector does need as much help managing finances and operations as possible, but it was also the right thing to do to have the type of career that allowed me the flexibility to manage school. What would you have liked me to ask you? [29:58] I would recommend people read the Accepted blog because I found it really helpful. I’m a fan! Related Links: †¢ Ask Me Anything: Columbia MBA Admissions Director, Michael Robinson †¢ Columbias Executive MBA Program †¢ Meet Jen Wed †¢ Accepted Admissions Blog †¢ Top Executive MBA Essay Questions: How to Answer them Right †¢ Expert Advice for EMBA Applicants †¢ Accepteds MBA Admissions Services Related Shows: †¢ MBA, Private Equity, Cop: Meet Nik Kumar, Columbia MBA 2019 †¢ Wharton’s Executive MBA, Where East and West Meet and Mix †¢ MIT Sloan EMBA and Sloan Fellows Programs: Move from Success to Significance †¢ Meet Dr. Nadia Afridi, Plastic Surgeon, Recent Columbia EMBA, and Mom Subscribe: Podcast Feed hbspt.cta.load(58291, '0f3b236c-0c20-4eb8-9027-3697d2fbbbc2', {});

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

UK immigration system - Free Essay Example

BACKGROUND TO RESEACH The United Kingdom Points Based System (PBS) was introduced by the Labour government in February 2008 to replace the complex visa system. The new points based system is governed by Immigration rules. The UK Border Agency (UKBA) introduced this new immigration control system to manage applications from people who wish to come to the UK to study, work and do business. Points System are designed to à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"maximise surplusà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ that is, the part of the additional output and income generated by immigration.[1] Points Based System is classified into five different tiers namely:- Tier 1: Highly Skilled migrants, Entrepreneurs, Investors General (now closed) Entrepreneurs For those who want to set up or take over an existing business, and be actively involved in running a business in the UK. Investors For those who want to make a substantial financial investment in the UK. Like the entrepreneurs, it offers three years grant of leave.[2] Post study work (now closed) Exceptional Talent For those who have exceptional talents in the arts or sciences. Graduate Entrepreneurs For graduates who have been identified by a UK university holding a world class entrepreneurial skills to apply to stay in the UK after graduation. Tier 2 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Skilled Workers outside the European Economic Area (EEA) General for people coming to the United Kingdom with a job offer to fill a vacant position that cannot be filled by people in the UK. Intra Company Transfers For Employees of multinational firms who are being transferred by an overseas employer to a skilled job in a UK-based branch of the organisation Ministers of Religion For Preaching and Pastoral work, missionaries or members of religious orders Sportsperson For internationally established sportsperson and coaches at highest level. However, to qualify under this tier, you need a sponsorship from an organisation that has a valid certificate of sponsor registered with the UK Border Agency. Tier 3 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Unskilled Temporary Migration Unskilled (never open) Tier 4 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" International Students Students (General) for post-16 education Students (Child) for children aged between 4 and 16 attending independent schools. New restrictions were implemented on the 6th of April, 2012. All studentsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ visas are classed under tier 4 and to qualify, applicant must have a valid confirmation of Acceptance for Studies from a university or a recognised education institution. Tier 5 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Temporary Workers, Working Holiday Makers Youth mobility For Working holiday makers (restricted to a few countries) Temporary Workers For creative and sporting, Charity worker, religious, Government Authorised exchange and international agreement. Applicants must be able to prove that they have enough funds to support themselves of which not less than  £1600. They must provide documentary evidence to support this, dated no earlier than one month before applying for entry clearance. Under the Points Based System (PBS) an applicant has to show that they are entitled to the requisite number of points for Attributes, English Skills and funds. There are different numbers of points required under these three criteria and they can be found in Part 6A of the Immigration rules. [3] Over the years, the rules have been edited and disjointed and the necessary information is spread large and wide across the Immigration rules. The process of applying the rules to any given case is complicated by the many and varied transitional provisions which apply. Due to the very many amendments that has been made to the PBS over the years, different rules apply to applications made within the same categories depending upon the date th e application was made or the date the applicant was last granted leave. Under the new system, anyone wanting to come to or remain in the UK will need to show that they meet immigration requirements and that they have enough points to qualify. Points are earned in different ways, such as qualifications and earnings, and in the majority of cases, migrants will need a sponsor who has Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS) and Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies if applying as a tier 4 (CAS). PUBLIC RECEPTION OF MIGRANTS One of the reasons for the move to a new immigration system was the perceived need to restore public trust on immigration laws and controls. During its introduction; the system was criticised by the then government opposition, The Conservative Party. This is due to the lapses found in the area where there are lacks on the overall cap to the numbers of people who can qualify under the pointà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s based system[4]. There are concerns where the new sy stem fails to provide for the low-skilled migrants from outside of the EEA, this might cause shortages in construction industry. Moreover, business, schools and universities that use Points Based System are faced with increase of regulatory burden. Both Business (Tier 2) and educational establishments (Tier 4 student visas) have to comply with UK Border Authority (UKBA) regulations in order to gain sponsorship accreditation. This involves setting up of an immigrant monitoring system with regular reporting to UKBA on workers and students. This dissertation will attempt to determine the reasons behind the change of formal immigration rules to the Points-Based System by asking the question: Why was the Points Based System introduced and adopted in the UK? Through analysis of these new rules and its accompanying literature, as well as impact of the change on the economy, this dissertation will establish that the introduction of the PBS is a means to assert control over and manage Non à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å"European immigration influx into the United Kingdom and also to know the effect this has on the economy. This dissertation will also include an overview of the UK immigration policies; looking at theories behind the different policies and why the constant change in the policies. In so doing, the reasons behind these policies will help to shed more light on the introduction of the PBS. It will also show the many factors that have helped to create previous policies, such as migrant origin, labour and demographic needs and security, which has also play an important role with the PBS. Following this, there will be an analysis of the PBS policy and the impact it has on the economy of United Kingdom. This analysis will elucidate on how the PBS works, who it affects and how. To enhance and provide a more complete overview to the analysis of the change, and thus, go beyond the explicit wording of the policy, media coverage including speeches and newspaper arti cles on the PBS will be analysed. These analyses will reveal public perceptions of both immigration in general and the change in policy. By a comparison between government and public opinion will prove that politicians and policymakers react to public demands in formulating immigration policy especially the Points Based System. REFERENCES Craig, P. and De BÃÆ' ºrca, G. (2003) EU law: text, cases and materials. 3rd edition, OUP Halibronner, K. (2010) EU immigration and asylum laws: commentary on EU regulations and directives. Hart HJT Immigration Manual Jackson, D C. and Berry, A. (2008) Immigration law and practice.4th edition. Tottel Ruhs, M. (2008) Economic research and labour policy accessed on 12/12/2014 accessed today 13/12/2014 (Migration Statistics Quarterly Report, May 2012) k/government/collections/sponsorship-information-for-employers-and-educators 1 [1] Ruhs, M. (2008) Economic research and labour policy [2] Investors. UK Border Agency [3] [4] Patrick Wintour (06-12-2007). Smith seeks to restore trust in immigration system. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 16-03-2008

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Several Different Communities - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1244 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/06/10 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Discourse Community Essay Did you like this example? There are several different communities all around the world. These communities all have certain values and all focus together on one particular thing, such as religion or common interests. The community of craft and DIY enthusiast is indeed very interesting. These individuals share the commonness of hoarding various arts and craft supplies, dont have to stress over employment opportunities, and often spend any available free time searching Pinterest and Youtube for craft and art inspiration. One thing the members of the arts and crafts community have in common is the opportunities the talent provides. The Arts Council states that forty-one percent of creative workers are self-employed. declares that members also self-promote by posting artwork on Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter, and LinkedIn. In addition, artists in this society are usually social and take on internships to find the perfect job. Members of this society also dont have to worry too much about finding a job, because according to the, jobs open all the time for artists. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Several Different Communities" essay for you Create order The ways artist express emotions can help in the body in several ways. According to, The act of creating art stimulates brain activity and triggers those creative juices essential to help you think beyond boundaries and gain new perspectives. This expression can be through painting, drawing, and several other ways. The expression is a commonality in the arts and crafts community. Affiliates in this society do not dress a particular fashion, and outfits vary from casual to fancy. These outfits can be jeans and a t-shirt or a cute summer dress. In addition, homemade clothes may be thrown into the mix. No one is judged by their appearance. It is a group where the expression of character is encouraged. Even though not required, there are some suggestions when it comes to clothing for craft making though. states that a member of this society may want to wear comfy clothes that can be ruined. Furthermore, it is encouraged to dress up for a fancy event such as a craft show or craft party, because his would give a good impression to the other vendors or potential buyers of the crafts. The citizens of this culture also engage in various crafting activities. These crafting events vary from season to season. In the spring, there are shows for spring art and Easter crafts. In the summer, there are picnics, and crafts are really fun for the children attending the picnic to make. Fall brings much fun, such as pumpkin patches, hayrides, and fairs. The crafting society definitely participates in this. It is fun to paint faces and make fall-themed crafts with the children of the society. Other activities in the crafting sector of society include, but are not limited to, creating edible arts, sewing fabric crafts, and creating crafts out of beads. The various crafting this society does provide enjoyment and relaxation for this community. The types of crafts each society member chooses to make can vary. According to, some of the crafts made are textile crafts, which are crafts that have to do with fabric or yarn, and paper crafts, which are made out of a variety of papers. further adds that another type of craft made is decorative crafts. These crafts consist of furniture, stained glass, etcetera, and can be used in the home. Functional crafts have several uses, like pottery bowls that one could eat soup out of. The various ways to craft is very valuable to the members of this society. As everyone should, arts and craft society members have a specific set of values they choose to follow. These values are important to this society because values are what brings people together in some cases. The values of this society are, to create arts and crafts that have meaning to something in society, to create arts and crafts that will be cherished and used by somebody, and to always have an open mind to all sorts of possibilities. Values are what brings a community together, and these values certainly do this for this social group. There are several different terms and abbreviations that the arts and crafts society use in the crafting. Some of these terms could be well known, or hardly even heard of. According to Morgen Bardati, some examples of the terms and abbreviations used in this sector of society are art wear, which is wearable art, and OOAK, which stands for One of a Kind. ACEO means miniature artwork and an independent artist is often referred to as an Indie. These terms and abbreviations matter to this society because they are commonly used during crafting events. As all social groups should, the arts and crafts society has a few fixed expectations for their members. This society encourages the members to actively support activities that involve the arts. There are also certain steps that they are expected to take when selling their crafts. According to, there are several things to consider when participating in a crafting event. The members are preferred to be a customer first, which means going and seeing a craft show before entering one. Other steps that are vital are creating and sticking to a budget and taking baby steps in the selling process. further adds that there is a certain way to set up a booth at a craft show. also suggests several supplies to have readily available at the table to make the craft selling experience easier. These supplies include, markers, pens, and paper, and bags for the customers purchases. In addition, a variety of payment methods to be available to customers is advised. These payment methods include cash, check, debit, and credit cards. Additional expectations of the members of this society include making crafts from individual ideas and not always copying ideas from the internet or social media apps. Assisting others by giving your talent away is al so highly encouraged in this society. The expectations for the members help this society run the events they hold in an orderly fashion. The inspiration for the crafts in this society can spur from pretty much anywhere. It doesnt matter where the inspiration comes from as long as the members have ideas to craft from. Crafters will spend hours searching Pinterest, Facebook, and several other sites searching for the perfect craft to make. In addition, craft blogs and Youtube are amazing sources for craft inspiration as well. The type of inspiration needed for crafts can vary depending on what time of the year it is. Each season brings new crafts and new inspiration. Butterfly crafts are common during the spring and summer, leave and pumpkin crafts common during the chilly fall months, and snowflake and snowman crafts are for the cold, long winter season. If searched for hard enough, inspiration can come from pretty much anywhere in this society. The society of a DIY crafter is certainly an interesting one. From the crafts made to the bonds built, it sure is a good way to be productive and share many common things. This community matters because eventually, one may want to learn about making DIY crafts. The members of this society could assist this individual in doing so. Everyone is welcome in this society and it doesnt matter where inspiration comes from as long as the members have some. It is a highly diverse community that is a great thing to be a part of.